The virtual cadastre is used to analyse the profile of a city, giving us information of all the details of the real estate sector that affect people and activities. Specifically, the real estate cadastre is an administrative register that depends on the Ministry of Finance and Public Administrations. This register details urban, rustic and special properties. The fact of registering a property is obligatory but free, as indicated in the Revised Text of the Law of Real Estate Cadastre.
Evolution of the real estate cadastre
In the beginning, the function of the Cadastre was tributary and its management was led by the central State. With the passage of time, although it maintains its initial function, the Cadastre is used by administrations, companies and citizens as a territorial database.
The amount of data in this register has also increased over the years. Today, the Cadastre collects an extensive list of descriptions and data. These data include surface area, qualities, location, planimetric information, cadastral reference, geographical coordinates and value. This wide variety of information has made the Cadastre an increasingly relevant source of information. In addition, this information of the properties is perfectly contrasted and identified, so it is valid for notarial and registry purposes.
The updating of the data, as well as the renewal and revision, is the task of the State. But little by little agreements are being made with the General Directorate of Cadastre and town councils so that they have the power to do so.
Functions of the virtual cadastre
The Cadastre at the beginning of its time until a few years ago has been a physical database. A wide variety of data ordered and stored in a specific place where you could go to analyze, consult and record information. With the arrival of the Internet and seeing the needs of the citizens, this database was adapted to our times and the Virtual Cadastre was created. What was the old Cadastre, but digitized.
Today, the virtual cadastre has 3 different functions. The first is to be a reference for future urban and rural approaches. Without this information, without knowing the registers and the limits of the properties, the town councils could not execute plans of ordering.
The second of its function is to serve as a calculator to calculate the total taxes that each municipality collected in its contribution. What we currently call IBI, or Real Estate Tax.
Last but not least, it is that the Cadastre or the Virtual Cadastre gathers the data of all the subsequent properties of a property or a land. Thus, if there was a problem with a property, the Virtual Cadastre serves as a legal guarantee.
The virtual cadastre as a tool for valuing a property
For many years the Land Registry and the Cadastre have had discrepancies in their information, relying on erroneous data. This was a big problem and the solution was for the two agencies to share the information. This solution was carried out in 2014 by the Ministry of Justice. This Ministry accepted this exchange which helped to speed up an innumerable list of procedures.
Thanks to this decision in favour of Big Data Inmobiliario it is possible for any person to fully telematically consult the Cadastre register. This step can be done through the website of the Directorate General of Cadastre, also known as Virtual Cadastre. From here it is really easy to consult any value relating to your home as cadastral references, documents or files.
So, if you want to know data referring to a property, both your own habitual residence and the favourite that is in your list of « property sales », enter the Virtual Cadastre to know them in detail.